Human mobility is a fundamental feature of today’s world and of this region. Integrated markets, transnational networks, and the rapid evolution of communication technologies have contributed to the increase of the movement of migrant workers across international borders. Globalization led to a demand for professionals from other countries, with different manual and intellectual skills and with low, medium, and high qualifications, to work in different sectors of the economy.
According to the latest figures, it is estimated that 164 million people worldwide are migrant workers. The Americas and the Caribbean are not excluded from this migration phenomenon, has been more dynamic and complex in recent decades. There are different intraregional migration corridors in the region, especially to Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, and the Dominican Republic.
IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labor migration for both the countries of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. In this sense, the Regional Migration Program promotes coordination with the relevant stakeholders at the national and regional level and seeks to improve the management of labor migration issues in order to promote regular and safe migration with the aim of protecting the labor rights of migrant workers.