Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and grave violation of human rights. According to the article 3 of the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, trafficking in persons shall mean “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation”.

According to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, from 2002 to 2016, 13.166 trafficking in persons victims were reported in 14 different Latin American countries.

Aware of the importance of data to make diagnosis and develop appropriated policies, IOM, together with other agencies, has participated and successfully led different processes to build platforms and databases to share information about trafficking in persons. Some examples are 8.7 Alliance or Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative. These are the links where you can find more information:

IOM, through the Western Hemisphere Program, aims to strengthen national capacities of States to prevent and fight against trafficking in persons. Thus, IOM supports governmental agencies from different countries to develop effective and comprehensive politics to combat this crime. IOM will also contribute to the consolidation of spaces of dialogue and technical exchange between researches, policy makers and other experts coming from different countries. Furthermore, the Program participates in other regional spaces like the Regional Conference on Migration and the Regional Coalition against Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling.


Infographics: Trafficking in Persons in the Region 2018

Infographics with statistics and actions related to Trafficking in Persons in Central America, Dominican Republic and Mexico in 2018.  Joint work with the Regional Coalition against Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (CORETT). 


Aquí también tienes derecho a soñar

Antonio is young person who is thinking of migrating irregularly because he feel like he has no opportunities in his community. ¿Will he be persuaded by Osvaldo, his teacher or his friends? Follow his story in the comic ´´You also have a right to dream here´´and share it with your friends. 


Mesoamerica Factsheet on Human Trafficking

Fact sheet that shows statistical data on the activities developed by the Mesoamerica Program in the region related to the prevention of human trafficking and the risks associated with irregular migration from 2014 to 2017.

Addressing Human Trafficking

This Knowledge Uptake provides lessons learned and promising practice-oriented solutions to feed into the consultations for the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (GCM) and serves as a global knowledge product for policymakers and practitioners. The Knowledge Uptake draws upon IOM’s years of experience in supporting migration policy and implementing operational programs and services to address human trafficking and protect victims, including through IOM’s Global Assistance Fund (GAF) and Regional Migration Programs, funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM).