Since 1979, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has implemented Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programs around the world. These programs have assisted over 1.5 million people.

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration is an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin.

The successful implementation of AVRR programmes requires the cooperation and participation of a broad range of actors, including the migrants, civil society and the governments in both host and transit countries and countries of origin.

The Regional Migration Program works to build the capacities of countries in Central America and Mexico, regarding migration governance, including return. Below is a summary of the activities implemented so far:

  • Assisted Voluntary Return Program for members of Caravans (2018-2019)
  • Regional Guide on best practices and available national and regional assisted voluntary return programs (2018)
  • Technical assistance for States in order to improve national procedures for assisted voluntary return (continuous)
  • Direct Assistance and Voluntary Return Program for Vulnerable Migrants in the region (2010-2018)


AVR Program in the Caravans Context


This program supports those who have participated in the migrant caravans in Central America and Mexico and who for various reasons are unable to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return to their countries of origin and/or residence. This program benefits people of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras who are stranded in Guatemala or Mexico.

Beneficiaries can receive land transportation to the capital of their country of origin, medical examinations if needed, food and kits during their travels, and assistance communicating with family members, among other forms of assistance.

IOM has developed this program in order to protect migrant populations and offer them a way to return to their homes that is dignified, safe, regular, and humane.


More information on the Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) Program

Assisted Voluntary Return Program for Migrants

It is a special temporary program created by IOM to facilitate assisted voluntary return for migrants who are stranded in Mexico or Guatemala and lack the resources necessary to return to their homes.

Assisted Voluntary Return Program Report - Migrant Caravan (November 2018- June 2019)

IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return Program aims to achieve the voluntary, orderly and humane return of migrants who can not or do not want to stay in their countries of transit or destination and wish to return voluntarily to their country of origin.  Since November 4th, 2018, IOM has provided voluntary return assistance to 1526 people, 66 of which are unaccompanied migrant children and adolescents.